What are the advantages and disadvantages of knitted fabrics?

Date:Feb 10, 2021

Knitted fabrics

Knitted fabric

1.According to the method of forming fabric processing

Woven fabrics, knitted fabrics, non-woven fabrics, woven cotton fabrics

2.According to fabric organization

Plain weave, twill and satin weave

3.According to printing and dyeing finishing processing

Bleached cotton, dyed cotton, printed cotton

Performance characteristics

Strong moisture absorption performance, good dyeing performance, shrinkage rate is about 3%; (The company's garments are all washed, and the shrinkage rate is less than 1%)

Excellent comfort, soft luster, firmness and durability;

Good hand feeling, poor elasticity, easy to wrinkle;

Alkali and acid resistance;

General light and heat resistance;

It is not easy to be eaten by insects, but it is easy to be eroded by microorganisms and deteriorate.

Style characteristics

a. Plain cloth

The basic feature of plain weave fabric is the use of plain weave. The yarn has many interweaving points in the fabric, which makes the fabric firmer and firmer. Compared with other weave fabrics of the same specification, it has better abrasion resistance, high strength, uniform surface and the same front and back.

b. Twill fabric

Various twill weaves are used to make the surface of the fabric show diagonal lines composed of warp or weft floating long lines.

Twill fabric ---- It is a medium-thick low-grade twill fabric. There are two kinds of thick and thin (20-40 pieces). All adopt 2/1 left twill weave, the texture is slightly thicker and softer than plain cloth, and the front lines are clear.

Khaki-a high-density fabric woven with 3/1 diagonal right or left diagonal. The hand feels firm, and the cloth surface has good luster.

c, satin cloth

Various satin weaves are used. The warp or weft has long floating threads covering the surface of the fabric, which is smooth and luster along the floating direction. The cotton satin texture is soft, delicate and elastic. The pattern is more three-dimensional than the cotton twill fabric.

d. Other fabrics

Honeycomb fabric-the warp and weft yarns have long floating lengths, presenting a three-dimensional effect of rhombic geometric figures on the cloth surface, soft texture, good water absorption, rich and soft, and easy to hook when wearing.

Corduroy----It is a weft raised cotton fabric. It is made by interweaving a set of warp yarns and two sets of weft yarns. The ground weft and warp yarns are interwoven to form a consolidated pile. The pile weft and warp yarns are interwoven and the pile is cut to cover the cloth surface. Form various piles of different thickness.

Wick Strips——Combine plain weave or twill weave and plain weave in a certain way, so that the appearance of the fabric has warp, weft or oblique rib effect, and the surface of the ribs presents plain or twill weave, convex There are thin grooves between the bars.

Flannel-Cotton grey fabric is brushed to form a layer of fluffy fabric on the surface of the fabric. This flannel increases the air due to the presence of fluff and enhances its warmth retention. Therefore, flannel is often used as underwear or baby clothing, which makes people feel soft, thick, and comfortable. Flannel is divided into single-sided velvet and double-sided velvet.

4.Knitted cotton fabric

The main difference between woven fabrics and knitted fabrics is: woven fabrics are vertically interwoven by two sets of warp and weft yarns. Knitted fabrics are a set of yarns that are looped by knitting needles and other loop forming machines. And they are made of string together, similar to our sweaters.

Performance characteristics

       Soft feel

       Greater extensibility and flexibility

       Good breathability and wrinkle resistance

       Easy to fall off, curling, easy to snag, not as durable as woven fabrics

Commonly used varieties

Plain weave: Continuous unit coils are unidirectionally stringed together. Dispersion and serious curling, easy to weft skew.

Ribbing: horizontal elasticity and extensibility. Not easy to fall apart, no curling, good dimensional stability. French ribs are double-sided ribs with small horizontal elasticity and poor dimensional stability.

Knitted jacquard: changing yarn thickness, quantity, color, etc. to form fabric pattern.

5.Chemical fiber fabric

(1) Artificial fiber fabric

Rayon fabric basically refers to viscose fiber filament and short fiber fabric, that is, the well-known rayon, rayon fabric and viscose fiber blended fabric.

Advantages: moisture absorption performance is the best among chemical fibers; soft hand feel, bright color, breathable and comfortable; its wearing comfort and dyeability are better than synthetic fiber fabrics; good drape; good acid and alkali resistance and light resistance.

Disadvantages: but the shrinkage rate is large; the rigidity, resilience and wrinkle resistance are poor, the shape retention of the clothing is poor, and it is easy to produce wrinkles;

(2) Polyester fabric

Advantages: strength and elasticity, strong resilience; strong and durable, no ironing, easy to wash and dry. It has good acid and alkali resistance and light resistance, and it is not afraid of mold and insects.

Wearing shortcomings: but poor hygroscopicity, sultry feeling, easy to generate static electricity and dust and stain.

(3) Acrylic fabric

Advantages: It has the reputation of synthetic wool, its elasticity and bulkiness can be compared with natural wool, and its color is bright. Anti-wrinkle, and good warmth retention, about 15% higher than similar wool fabrics. It has light resistance, heat resistance and light weight.

Disadvantages: poor moisture absorption, stuffy feeling when wearing.

(4) Spandex elastic fabric

Advantages: Also known as elastic fiber, excellent elasticity, suitable for tights. Generally, 100% polyurethane is not used in general products, and 5%-30% is mixed in the fabric. Appearance style, moisture absorption, and air permeability are close to similar products of natural fibers such as cotton, wool, silk and linen.

Feature comparison

Fading: cotton>blended>chemical fiber;

Easy to deform: knitting>woven;

Fuzzing and pilling: cotton fabric <blended fabric (poly-cotton) <wool nitrile fabric;

Static electricity: chemical fiber>cotton;

Shrinkage: cotton>blended>chemical fiber;

Anti-wrinkle: cotton <blended <chemical fiber.

The reason why the fabric is full-dyed and half-dyed

  1. Fully-dyed:

  A In order to achieve the effect of different colors-dyeing with the same material in different colors cannot be done after printing and dyeing, but yarn-dyed weaving can be done.

  B. Requirements for color fastness and shade-yarn-dyed products have good color fastness and good shade.

  C. The requirement of layering-a good layering is required.

  2. Semi-dyed:

  Different warp and weft materials-the use of different warp and weft yarn materials has different requirements for dyeing performance. Semi-dyed weaving can be used to reduce costs and increase fancy.