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What is the muntjac of chamois and what does it have to do with deer?

Date:Jan 04, 2021

In the cloth market, suede has become a common name for all kinds of imitation leather. Including denim imitation leather velvet, warp imitation leather velvet (cloth bottom imitation leather velvet), weft imitation leather velvet (satin imitation leather velvet), warp knit imitation leather velvet, double-sided imitation leather velvet, elastic imitation leather velvet, etc.


  basic introduction   

Suede (jǐpíróng) is a fabric made of animal suede leather.


(Red Muntjac)

Material source

1 genus of the deer family, only male deer have short horns, the horns are extended backwards, the horns are curved inward, no branch or only a small branch, the horn base forms a longitudinal ridge on the face; the coat is more than other deer families Animals are short and thin; limbs are slender and hooves are narrow and pointed; they have large upper canines that are curved like fangs, but smaller than those of musk and deer; their skulls are slightly triangular with prominent tear pockets. There are 6 species in this genus. There are three species in China: black deer, red deer and small deer.


(Black deer)

(This is a deer. Not only does it look like a character, but it also looks like it)

material features

The product is suitable for luggage, shoe materials (inner lining, fabrics are suitable), clothing, car interiors, clean cloth (glasses cloth), leather bottom cloth, high-end packaging boxes, lighting materials, curtain fabrics, etc.


  Steps  


a. Coating polyurethane on the elastic sea island suede base cloth;

b. Dry and finalize with a drying setting machine;

c. Brushed and made into suede suede.


The base fabric used in step a is PTT/PET sea-island suede with PTT as the island component, and the polyurethane coating process is to put the base fabric into an impregnation tank containing an aqueous polyurethane dispersion for impregnation. Since the base fabric is impregnated with water-based polyurethane, it is directly dried in a drying setting machine after impregnation. Compared with the original process, it saves the solidification and washing process, reduces the manufacturing cost, and saves a lot of organic solvents. , Which greatly reduces pollution. The selected base fabric is a suede fabric made of sea-island fiber with PTT (polytrimethylene terephthalate) as the island component, compared with a suede fabric made of polyester or nylon as the island-component sea-island fiber Good flexibility.


  Cleaning method


If the suede is dusty or dripped with oil, you should wipe off the dust on the surface with a dry cloth, and then wipe the surface with a soft cloth. (Be careful not to use too much force, you should wipe it gently (if you can’t wipe it off) Try high-grade shoe powder, the one with small particles). Then use a special glue brush to straighten out the hair on the suede in one direction, because the hair of the suede will only appear even when facing the same direction. Uniform color.


Finally, the suede refurbishing agent can be used once a week or two (in the case of wearing a coat every day). After finishing the above care, spray the refurbishment agent evenly on the suede and let it dry overnight, and you can wear it the next day.


Most of the market is "suede"


  Suede


Imitation suede (fǎng jǐpí, English name suedette) in the textile industry refers to the fabric of imitation suede style as imitation suede or imitation suede. However, in the textile industry, it is generally used to call suede or suede directly as suede. Suede is divided into knitted and woven. Knitted suede is divided into warp-knitted suede (more common) and weft-knitted suede. Woven suede is divided into warp suede and weft suede.


Method for making suede


The production methods of imitating suede can be roughly divided into three types: weaving method, knitting method and non-woven fabric method. Some companies in the domestic area adopted the first method.


Finishing processing restores the cleaned fabric, dehydrates the fabric and padding with silicone softener, drying and setting at a temperature of 140°C. In order to ensure the suede style of the product, the fabric needs to be subjected to a slight sanding finishing after setting. Then check the packaging and storage. Therefore, in order to effectively control the color difference, in the process of fabric desizing, scouring, fiber opening and dyeing, the process parameters such as chemical dosage, temperature, bath ratio, cloth speed and so on must be strictly controlled. The setting temperature must also be controlled below 160°C.


cleaning method


1. In order to improve the various color fastness indexes of polyester superfine suede fabric, the fabric must be restored and cleaned after the dyeing process. In order to improve the relative fastness of the fabric, the reduction and cleaning must be sufficient, and the process requirements must be standardized and unified, otherwise it will affect the quality of the final product.

2. Soak in warm water of about 30 degrees with shower gel for 30 minutes before washing. It is not advisable to use washing powder or soap, because it is too alkaline and will become stiff after washing.


  Suede care method


1. For local oil stains or stains, use a special rubber wipe to wipe off in advance, or spray an appropriate amount of special cleaner (first gently shake the internal liquid and then spray), then use the rubber surface of the special brush to brush back and forth ( Hold the strength to prevent the fur on the leather surface from being wiped off), and wipe off the dirt on the brush and the shoe surface with a clean damp towel in time. If you can't wipe it off by yourself, please send it to a professional store.


2. For suede leather that is not very dirty, you only need to use a soft brush and carefully brush away the floating dust on the surface (the bag is filled with things to keep it full; the clothes are flat; the boots should also be supported by the boots. Keep it straight), especially for light-colored leather, and dust on the wrinkles must be cleaned to avoid secondary pollution.


3. Cover the parts that do not need to be cleaned in advance, such as shoelaces, shoe buckles and other decorative parts, spray the suede surface with a special cleaning lotion, and spray several times for dirty places. If you want to save costs, for a relatively clean leather surface, you can also use a soft and damp clean towel (not lint-free old cloth) to wipe all the leather surface, the towel should not be too wet, otherwise it will leave water stains.


4. For the wrinkles of the bag or shoes, you can use the soft hair of a special deerskin brush (depending on the style of the special brush) to wipe it with a detergent, and wipe off the dirt with a towel in time.


5. Put the cleaned clothes, bags and shoes in a cool and ventilated place to dry for later use.


6. For regular care, just apply the deerskin powder powder with the correct color on the leather surface evenly, and then use the leather brush part of a dry special deerskin brush to evenly coat the powder. Finally, use the bristles of a special brush to gently comb the fur on the leather surface, combing in one direction, and let the fluff stand up and restore its natural effect.


7. For suede leather that needs to be colored, spray suede refurbishing agent on the clean leather surface (please shake up the liquid in the bottle before using the special spray), and the nozzle is about 20 cm away from the leather surface. Move the spray The hand must be at a constant speed, and the whole piece of clothing must be sprayed 100% evenly to make the color more consistent. Don't make up the color locally! For the wrinkles, there will still be a feeling of color difference, which is the difference in refractive index caused by the inconsistent direction of the fluff. The last step is to gently comb the fluff in the same direction when the suede is half dry, and make it stand up in a natural state.


8. Hang in a dry and ventilated place and let it dry naturally.


9. Pay attention to the use of the special brush for suede. Brute force should not be used. For the toe and other areas where the fluff falls off, you can brush it a little more times, and brush the other parts gently in the same direction.