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West Africa: Increased Cotton Production, Increased Export Supply

Date:Dec 17, 2019

According to the latest report released by the US agricultural counsellor, at the end of 2019 / 20, Senegal, Burkina Faso and Mali planted 1.32 million hectares of cotton, a year-on-year decrease of 4%, and the output is expected to be 2.36 million bales, a year-on-year increase of 10%, due to the good weather during the planting period and the light degree of pests and diseases. Due to sufficient supply and large demand in the international market, the export volume of cotton in 2019 / 20 was 2.31 million bales, up 10% year on year.


In 2019 / 20, Mali's cotton output is expected to be 1.33 million bales, up 5% year on year, and its export volume is 1.31 million bales, up 5% year on year. In 2018 / 19, Mali exported 1245000 bales of cotton, a year-on-year decrease of 33.6%.


Mali's cotton exports are shipped through Senegal (60%) and Cote d'Ivoire (40%), with a FOB price of 1000 West African francs / kg (US $1.72 / kg). In 2018 / 19, West African cotton was mainly exported to Bangladesh, India, China, Malaysia, Vietnam, Singapore, Turkey and Indonesia, with a small amount of exports to Europe. The main cotton producers were olan, Louis Dreyfus, Cargill and Glencore.


In 2019 / 20, Burkina Faso's cotton planting area was 5.75 million hectares, a year-on-year decrease of 9%. Its output is expected to be 1 million bales, a year-on-year increase of 18%, and its export volume is 975000 bales, a year-on-year increase of 18%. In 2018 / 19, the area and output were 630000 HA and 850000 bales respectively, and the export volume was 825000 bales.